Interestingly, the key advantages of VLC are precisely in those areas where radio systems are weak, for instance security, interference tolerance and generation, electromagnetic exposure point of view. For optical-only based communication technology the challenges related to security features implementation are mainly connected with reliability, namely with the need for a LOS channel between the transmitter and in order to achieve maximum data throughput. 5201, p. 752, 1960. The proposed hybrid network combines the advantages of both radio and optical approaches to create a highly flexible, high performance, highly secure, private and safe communication network suitable for all demanding healthcare scenarios of the HoF. Examination of a human body can be achieved using a network of intelligent wireless medical devices sensors which may be attached to the body surface or integrated into the tissues. MathSciNet The concept of HoF aims at enhancing healthcare while using hospital resources efficiently. For data security, cloud computing is very useful for securing data. It is noted that the notion of “hospital” , as used and understood today, may evolve in the future. Healthcare information is being stored and shared using a variety of wireless communication technology: Wi-Fi VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol) Bluetooth Z-Wave RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) WWAN (Wireless Wide Area Networks) Mobile Internet And More 3. VLC exploits modern solid-state light sources, i.e., white light emitting diodes (LEDs) to create, in addition to illumination, an optical transmission capable to convey information, in the same way that short-range radio transmissions do. The controller monitors the optical link continuously and the link reinstate as soon as controller gets acknowledgement. The reconfigurable algorithm selects the optimal UL and DL channels aggregating the dynamic changes in optical and radio channels. We also discuss possible operation scenarios and applications that can be introduced in HoF as well as outline potential challenges. In critical medical applications, such as intensive care or intensified observation, communication reliability, i.e., dependability, and low latency are highly important since patients health critically depends on it. 1–6, 2015. 93–101, 2012. 88–97, 2002. With this article we discuss … The role of public and private stakeholders as transferors of new concepts from theory into practice, Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. Moreover, cellular technology can also be exploited, for instance deploying 5G (and beyond) picocells within the hospital and other … Seamless communication system which takes advantage of optical and RF communication 696 must designed to be intelligent by using machine learning (ML) and AI in the decision making. Deploying a complete wireless medical system in a hospital environment requires monitoring of a few hundred patients. Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. In cases when the LOS condition for the VLC is not available, RF technologies will be used. Instead, a wireless communication and alerting system can be set up quickly and used immediately. We argue that optical wireless network can be embedded to an existing RF backbone, the complementary nature of light could prove to be a viable alternative to RF. 2, pp. An overview of mesh of hybrid optical-radio access points/hotspots to keep the data flow and provide internet connectivity within a hospital. Since there are multiple radio technologies operating in the same environment, the challenge is to mitigate against interference between wireless systems, exposure to electromagnetic radiation by patients and hospital staff, spectrum congestion and others. Management and operation of hybrid system should be designed by keeping the reconfiguration complexity in mind. The integrity of wireless network is an important factor and should possess high integrity to ensure patient’s health. Wireless connectivity provided with conventional radio technologies has unique advantages and it is expected that will radio communications be an integral technology supporting the concept of HoF. Google Scholar. Article Healthcare industry is using RFID technology to adopt leaner supply chain practices associated with manufacturing to pare down cost and improve safety. ... inform wireless communication system allows staff members to use their smart phones in connection with the building’s nurse call and … Public spaces, such a waiting rooms, 331 canteens are also important social premises of a hospitals, used by many people. H. Thimbleby, Technology and the future of healthcare. Combining radio and light-based localization is expected to improve remarkably flexibility and accuracy. Our solutions are used in hospitals, elderly care facilities and psychiatric clinics all over Europe. In the healthcare industry, wireless communication is playing a vital role in the transformation of information; however, the technology is still at the nascent and is expected to have massive adoption in the foreseeable future. 431–4, 2015. This data will be available to the doctors on server from any location using IOT application. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Iqrar Ahmed. VLC supports high throughput  and can transmit bulk data. Copyright © Persistence Market Research. 1–6, 2017. In this section, we discuss key requirements that are viable for communication technologies at the HoF. R. Liu, and C. Zhang, Dynamic dwell timer for vertical handover in VLC-WLAN heterogeneous networks, in 2017 13th International Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing Conference (IWCMC), IEEE, pp. The software can be reconfigure remotely. 179, No. The algorithm observes the instantaneous conditions and establishes the UL and DL channels complying the conditions according to the predefined profile stored in algorithm. 78–87, 2013. However the parallel optical-radio transmission can be beneficial solution to enhance the network’s physical layer security when intruded by eavesdropper . The number of data breaches compromising confidential healthcare data is on the rise. Reconfigurable optical-radio access points and ROWBAN. 122–130, 2014. “Once a hospital moves to that critical communication method you have to make sure it works i… As mentioned above the packet loss is inevitable in case of link failure, moreover the frequent handover due to short interruptions could increase the packet loss too, in such scenarios the predictive handover could be more suitable. In the past decade, visible light communications (VLC) technology has rapidly emerged as a viable way to transmit information wirelessly. The proposed wireless communication solutions for the HoF is presented in Sect. The lighting infrastructure can easily provide a downlink channel, while, uplink connectivity can be supported by installing radio receives on the ceiling or other suitable place. We present two cases here; the former case explains the proposed hybrid optical-radio network within a RF sensitive facility in HoF and the later case describes the extension of WBAN to ROWBAN for in hospital and remote healthcare monitoring. RFID is a wireless communication technology used for data transfer and identification of objects using electromagnetic waves. As every administrator knows, effective communication in healthcare is a keystone of efficient medical practices. Spaces of the HoF are first characterized in terms of communicational performance requirements. The data stream must be dependable against any unintentional or intentional interference. Requirements strongly depend on the application. But for mobile user performing handover not only between different optical APs as well as RF is key. The risk of EMI industry and in world in general, e.g., in 2013 IEEE International! 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